Ozge Baykan ÇopurogluKayseri University, Turkey
Title: Temporomandibular joint and spine interaction
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a very frequently encountered problem in the pain clinics and affects masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and one or more of the hard and soft tissues adjacent to TMJ. It has long been known that there is a strong association between neck disability and jaw disability. To put it another way, whenever the neck is affected by a structural issue, it affects the jaw and vice versa. Despite TMJ and neck problems being linked together, it is not often that a patient will report to us that their previous health care providers made this connection between their TMJ problems and their neck pain and offered treatments addressing both concerns. The neuroanatomical and neurophysiological interconnection between the orofacial area and the cervical spine involves the masticatory system and the posture. This relationship has shown that cervical posture disorders cause functional changes at the orofacial level during mouth opening, chewing, and swallowing. Recognizing the relationship between TMJs and cervical spine and their pathology could help dentists and physical therapists to treat pain and dysfunctions at this level much more effectively. Physiotherapy is a non invasive method that includes manual therapy, exercises, and physical procedures, it is used in the therapy of TMD and cervical spine. Rehabilitation focused on TMD is an essential element of treatment leading to pain reduction and improvement of the functions of TMJ and cervical spine and increasing the quality of daily life. Physiotherapy is one of the treatments that could constitute the prevention of pain and degenerative changes in the musculoskeletal system.
Özge Baykan Çopuroğlu is a lecturer in the Department of Physiotherapy at Kayseri University. She is in the doctoral thesis stage at Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University. She has been invited as a speaker at domestic and international congresses and has many publications. She continues her studies on orthopedic physiotherapy.