Nishant SunejaHarvard Medical School, USA
Title: Racial Differences in Orthopedic Trauma Surgery
Racial discrepancies among patients in the United States undergoing orthopedic trauma surgery have not been investigated. Issues relating to socioeconomic status and access to care have played a role in the health outcomes of racial groups. In orthopedic surgery, recent joint arthroplasty literature has shown significant racial differences in the use of elective joint arthroplasty. Furthermore, studies also suggest increased rates of early complication in racial minority groups. In general, little information exists on the postoperative outcomes of racial minority groups in orthopedic surgery. We retrospectively queried the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to identify patients undergoing orthopedic trauma surgery between 2008 and 2016. Patients of all ages who underwent orthopedic trauma surgery were identified using Current Procedural Terminology codes. Patients classified as either Black or White were included in the study. Demographic data, comorbidities, and basic surgical data were compared between the groups. Adverse outcomes in the initial 30 days postoperative were also examined. Higher frequencies of deep wound infection (0.5% vs 0.3%, P=.002) were noted among Black patients, with decreased mortality (0.3% vs 0.6%, P=.004) and postoperative transfusion (2.7% vs 3.8%, P<.001) rates, compared with White patients. Clear differences exist in the demographic, surgical, and outcome data between Black and White patients undergoing orthopedic trauma surgery. More epidemiological studies are required to further investigate racial differences in orthopedic trauma surgery.