Camila Sofia ContrerasUniversity of the Andes, Colombia
Title: Effect of clay art therapy as a non-pharmacological therapeutic approach in patients with Parkinson’s disease: an integrative review
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that significantly alters the motor capacity, mood and quality of life of the individual. Current pharmacological therapy focuses on the management of symptoms, so art therapy, highlighting clay, has recently been proposed as a non-pharmacological adjuvant therapy to attenuate many of the clinical manifestations of the disease. For this reason, the main objective was to evaluate the recent scientific evidence on the effect of art therapy with clay on motor, affective and behavioral functions in patients with PD. To achieve this, a bibliographic search was carried out in the databases PubMed, ProQuest, EBSCO host, Scielo, Elsevier, Science direct and Scholar Google, using as keywords "Parkinson's disease" and "clay art therapy" and the Boolean operator 'AND". Studies published between January 2008 and December 2019 were considered and, after establishing the inclusion criteria, 4 studies were eligible. This review demonstrates the beneficial effect of clay art therapy as a complementary non-pharmacological approach to improve affective and behavioral functions (depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive thoughts, phobia and distress) of people with PD. However, the scales implemented in the selected studies are not sufficient to assess a significant impact on the motor state or manual dexterity of the patients, as well as its effect on the symptoms according to the stage of the disease. For this reason, it is necessary to expand research in this field in order to establish more conclusively the global effect that the artistic intervention of clay manipulation produces on this pathology.